The International Court of Justice rules that it will hear part of the genocide case between Ukraine and Russia News of the war between Russia and Ukraine
The UN Supreme Court will not address aspects of the case accusing Russia of violating the Genocide Convention by falsely claiming genocide.
The International Court of Justice has ruled that parts of Ukraine’s case against Russia, which argues that Moscow baselessly accused Kiev of genocide to justify the 2022 invasion, can go ahead.
However, the International Court of Justice ruled on Friday that she would not speak Whether it’s Russia It violated the 1948 Genocide Convention by using what Ukraine says are trumped-up charges of genocide as a pretext for war, even if the invasion widely violated international law.
Instead, the case will turn to assessing whether Ukraine committed genocide in the eastern parts of the country, as Russia claims – a matter on which the judges ruled they had jurisdiction.
When Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered the invasion on February 24, 2022, part of his argument was that the pro-Russian people of eastern Ukraine had been “bullied and genocidal by the Kiev regime.”
Ukraine filed a case with the International Court of Justice, in which it “strongly denied” this and claimed that Russia’s use of “genocide” as a pretext for the invasion contravened the Genocide Convention.
“In this case, even if the Russian Federation had claimed, in bad faith, that Ukraine had committed genocide and had taken certain actions against it under that pretext, as the defendant (Ukraine) claims, this would not in itself constitute a violation of the Genocide Act.” . The International Court of Justice said in the ruling read by its President Joan Donoghue on Friday that “obligations” under the Genocide Convention.
International Court of Justice, otherwise known as World CourtIt said it did not have the jurisdiction to rule whether the Russian invasion violated the Genocide Convention, or whether Moscow’s recognition of Donetsk and Luhansk, the breakaway republics in eastern Ukraine, amounted to a violation of the convention.
But the judges said they would allow Ukraine’s request for the court to rule that there was no “credible evidence that Ukraine is committing genocide in violation of the Genocide Convention” in eastern Ukraine.
Kiev is seeking a declaration from the International Court of Justice that it did not commit genocide. It is likely that a final, legally binding decision is still years away.
Before Total Russia Invasion of Ukraine In 2022, Ukraine has been fighting Russian-backed separatist forces in the east of the country since 2014. But Kiev insists there is no risk of genocide there.
In addition to citing alleged “genocide” against the Russian-speaking population of Donetsk and Luhansk to justify its invasion, Moscow also cited NATO’s East Policy. expansion As one of the causes of conflict.
Triestino Marinello, a law professor at Liverpool John Morris University, said Friday’s ruling was important because it moved the case to the merits stage.
“I have confirmed that there is a dispute between Russia and Ukraine regarding the application, interpretation and implementation of the Genocide Convention, and that the Court has jurisdiction in particular to establish that Ukraine has not committed genocide in this specific case.” Luhansk and Donetsk regions in Ukrainian territory.”
Last month, the International Court of Justice refused Large portions In Ukraine’s petition accusing Russia of “terrorism”.
In March 2022, shortly after Russia invaded Ukraine, the UN Supreme Court ordered Moscow to halt its military offensive.
But although court decisions are legally binding, they lack an enforcement mechanism.
“It is the responsibility of individual countries – in this case Russia – or international organizations such as the Security Council (United Nations) to implement such decisions or rulings,” Marinello said.
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