EU politicians support new rules on artificial intelligence ahead of historic vote Technology news
The world’s first AI law aims to put guardrails to the technology and protect “fundamental rights.”
European politicians in two key committees have approved new rules to regulate artificial intelligence (AI) before a historic vote that could pave the way for the world’s first legislation on the technology.
On Tuesday, two European Parliament committees – on civil liberties and consumer protection – overwhelmingly supported temporary legislation to ensure AI compliance with “fundamental rights” protections.
A vote in the Legislative Council is scheduled for April.
the Artificial Intelligence Law The project aims to put barriers on technology used in many industries, from banking and automobiles to electronic products and airlines, as well as for security and police purposes.
“At the same time, the project aims to promote innovation and consolidate Europe’s position as a leading country in the field of artificial intelligence,” Parliament said in a statement.
The law is widely viewed as a global standard for governments hoping to capitalize on the potential benefits of artificial intelligence while protecting against risks ranging from disinformation and job displacement to copyright infringement.
The legislation, proposed by the European Commission in 2021, has been delayed due to divisions over the regulation of language models that scrape online data and the use of artificial intelligence by police and intelligence services.
The rules will also govern underlying models or generative AI like that created by Microsoft-backed OpenAI, which are AI systems trained on large sets of data, with the ability to learn from new data to perform different tasks.
Eva Maedel, MEP for Technology, Innovation and Industry, described the approval on Tuesday as “an outcome we can be proud of” that “encourages social trust in AI while continuing to give companies space to create and innovate.”
the #AIAct It was approved by the committee ✅
Next step: final vote in plenary session 🗳️
This is a result we can be proud of: a result that encourages social trust #artificial intelligence While continuing to give companies the space for creativity and innovation.
– Eva Maydell (Baunova) (@EvaMaydell) February 13, 2024
Deirdre Clune, a member of the European Parliament for southern Ireland, said it was “another step towards comprehensive rules on artificial intelligence in Europe.”
This month, EU countries backed an agreement reached in December on the Artificial Intelligence Law, which aims to better control governments’ use of AI in biometric surveillance and how AI systems are regulated.
France received concessions to ease the administrative burden on high-risk AI systems and provide better protection for trade secrets.
The law requires basic models and general-purpose AI systems to comply with transparency obligations before putting them on the market. This includes preparing technical documentation, complying with EU copyright law, and publishing detailed summaries of the content used for training.
Big tech companies have remained cautious about the requirements and their potential impact on innovation law.
Under the law, technology companies doing business in the EU will be required to disclose data used to train artificial intelligence systems and conduct product testing, especially those used in high-risk applications such as self-driving vehicles and healthcare.
The legislation prohibits the indiscriminate deletion of images from the Internet or security footage to create facial recognition databases, but includes exceptions for the use of “real-time” facial recognition by law enforcement to investigate terrorism and serious crimes.
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