A week after the International Court of Justice’s decision, will Israel adhere to the court’s orders? | News of the Israeli war on Gaza

It has been a week since the International Court of Justice issued its decision Emergency ruling In the The issue of genocide South Africa filed a lawsuit against Israel last December.

in it Temporary rulingThe court in The Hague ordered Israel to adhere to six interim measures. Among these measures, the Court ordered Israel to take all possible measures to prevent acts of genocide, prevent and punish direct and public incitement to genocide, and take immediate and effective steps to ensure the provision of basic services and humanitarian assistance to civilians in Gaza.

The court also ordered Israel to preserve evidence of genocide and submit a report to the International Court of Justice within a month explaining how it complied with these orders.

But South African Foreign Minister Naledi Pandor said on Wednesday that Israel had so far ignored the ruling by killing hundreds more civilians within a few days in Gaza.

What has Israel done to comply with the orders of the International Court of Justice so far?

Demonstrations in front of the International Court of Justice in The Hague
People demonstrate in front of the International Court of Justice in The Hague, Netherlands, on January 26, 2024, when judges ruled emergency measures against Israel following accusations from South Africa that Israel’s military operation in Gaza is state-led genocide. (Piroschka) Van de Woo/Reuters )

Has Israel taken measures to prevent acts of genocide?

In the week following the ICJ ruling, Israeli forces continued their military offensive into Gaza, and nearly 1,000 more Palestinians were killed.

The number of Palestinian victims since January 26, the date of the ruling, until Thursday, reached 936, according to reports by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), which receives figures from the Ministry of Health in Gaza.

“Hundreds of people have been killed in the last three or four days, and Israel clearly believes it has a license to do whatever it wants,” Pandor said on Wednesday.

Despite this ruling, Israeli attacks also continued to target hospitals, increasing pressure on Gaza’s collapsed healthcare system. The Nuseirat refugee camp in central Gaza came under fire this week, and eyewitnesses reported that tanks bombed areas in Khan Yunis, especially around Nasser Hospital, the largest hospital still operating in southern Gaza.

In addition to Nasser Hospital, Israel continued its 11-day siege of Al Amal Hospital in Gaza City Khan Younes, According to the Palestinian Red Crescent Society, which manages it. The Palestinian Red Crescent Society said that the occupation forces stormed Al-Amal Camp for the third time on Thursday.

Israeli forces denied the Palestine Red Crescent Society’s allegations. An Israeli army spokesman said on Tuesday: “There is no storming or entry into the hospital or any order for people to leave at gunpoint.”

Has Israel taken new controversial steps since the ICJ ruling?

Israeli Defense Minister Yoav Galant clarified on Thursday that Israel does not intend to stop its military operation in Gaza any time soon. Gallant was one of three Israeli officials personally criticized by the International Court of Justice for comments they made that could be considered incitement to genocide against Palestinians.

In a press conference on Thursday, Gallant said that the Israeli military operation in Khan Yunis, which it began last week, was successful, paving the way for its forces to now advance towards Rafah on the enclave’s southern border with Egypt.

Galant said: “We are achieving our mission in Khan Yunis, and we will also reach Rafah and eliminate the terrorist elements that threaten us.”

Rafah is full of internally displaced Palestinians, who are starting to run out Places To go inside the Gaza Strip. “Thousands of Palestinians have continued to flee to the south, which already hosts more than half of the population of some 2.3 million people,” Jens Laerke, spokesman for the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, said on Friday. “Rafah is a pressure cooker of despair, and we fear what comes next.”

It is not clear where Israel intends for Gazans to move if Rafah becomes the new center of its attacks.

Meanwhile, the Israeli military also confirmed this week that it is pumping seawater into Hamas’ tunnel network. But experts have heard this could destroy Gaza’s groundwater and soil, leaving the Strip’s already desperate residents with less access to drinking water and farming opportunities. The Genocide Convention covers intentional acts intended to cause the physical destruction, in whole or in part, of a distinct ethnic group such as Palestinians.

Has Israel punished anyone for their genocide statements?

There has been no public announcement yet about the measures Israel intends to take against Israeli ministers and officials who made statements inciting genocide.

Genocide discourse has been an integral part of… The case of South Africa Against Israel before the International Court.

Citing the scriptures, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu himself said in a televised speech in late October: “You must remember what Amalek did to you.” The Amalekites were persecutors of the Israelites in the Bible, and in the Scriptures God commanded their destruction.

Two days after Hamas’s attacks on Israel on October 7, Gallant said that Israel was “fighting human animals” when he announced a complete blockade of Gaza.

Knesset Deputy Speaker Nissim Faturi of Netanyahu’s Likud party wrote on X that Israelis have one common goal, which is to “wipe the Gaza Strip off the face of the earth.”

Israeli Heritage Minister Amichai Eliyahu of the far-right Jewish Power party suggested that Israel drop a nuclear bomb on Gaza, and said there were “no uninvolved civilians” in the Strip.

Rights groups and activists said such language was left unchecked, leading to the dehumanization of Palestinians and incitement to violence. The statements remain unaddressed.

In fact, several government ministers, including National Security Minister Itamar Ben Gvir and Finance Minister Bezalel Smotrich, both from far-right parties in the ruling coalition, attended a meeting. Settlers conference In Jerusalem last Sunday, he called on Israel to rebuild settlements in Gaza and build more in the occupied West Bank. Such a position has been criticized as calling for the ethnic cleansing of Palestinians.

Has Israel taken steps to ensure humanitarian access to Gaza?

Since the beginning of December, aid and fuel trucks have arrived I was cut off Outside the Gaza Strip, entry is prohibited due to the Israeli siege and bombing of the Gaza Strip. Humanitarian groups said that because the bombing had not stopped, the flow of aid was still obstructed.

On the same day that the International Court of Justice ordered Israel to take interim measures to ensure access to basic services and humanitarian aid to civilians, Israel claimed that 12 employees of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) were directly involved in the Hamas attack. In Israel on October 7.

And then, the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany and other major donors Stop funding them For UNRWA, the main humanitarian agency in Gaza providing food, shelter and medical supplies.

UNRWA and other UN agencies have done this to caution This may lead to UNRWA being unable to provide humanitarian services to Gaza as of this month, which would plunge the Strip into famine. No other humanitarian agency can replace UNRWA or match its services in Gaza.

Can Israel be punished for not complying with the orders of the International Court of Justice?

The court’s ruling is legally binding on Israel. If it is found to have not complied with the ICJ’s orders, any member state of the UN Security Council may refer the matter to the UN’s highest decision-making body, which will then vote on whether to demand that Israel adhere to the interim measures.

If it continues to refuse to do so, Israel may face it PenaltiesWhich could include economic or trade sanctions, arms embargoes and travel bans. The UN Charter also allows the Security Council to go a step further and intervene by force.

However, any sanctions could be vetoed by the United States, a close ally of Israel. lhave He was rejected repeatedly Resolutions related to Israel

His name is GordonProfessor of International Law at Queen Mary University of London, told Al Jazeera A resolution drafted by a Security Council member state may have a different weight compared to a decision taken by the highest court in the world. Gordon said that if the United States vetoed a Security Council resolution based on the International Court of Justice decision, it would “expose the duplicity of the United States in an unprecedented way in using the veto.”

Israel continues to maintain that it is targeting Hamas and acting in self-defense after the October 7 attacks. The statistics of the Ministry of Health in Gaza do not differentiate between fighters and civilians, but it stated that the majority of those killed were women and men. children.

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